What is Obesity?
Obesity is among the most important health problems of developed and developing countries today. Obesity is generally the excessive increase in the ratio of body fat to lean mass, resulting in an increase in body weight over the desired level according to height. As is known, nutrition; It is an indispensable need of life that begins in the womb and continues until the end of life.
It is the ability to use in the body the nutrients necessary for human growth, development, healthy and productive life for a long time. Feeding the stomach is not suppressing hunger, eating or drinking whatever you desire.
What are the Symptoms of Obesity?
The first sign of obesity is the increase in body fat. Body Mass Index, in other words Body Mass Index (BMI), helps to understand whether there is obesity in patients. Body Mass Index calculation, also known as the obesity calculation method, can be made by dividing body weight in kilograms by height in m2.
For example, 75 kilograms, 1.70 mt. The obesity calculation of a person in height can be as follows:
75 kilograms /1.70 height * 1.70
2.89 = 25.95 (collective-overweight)
Why is Obesity an Important Problem in Children?
The World Health Organization (WHO) has identified it as the most important public health problem of the 21st century. Child obesity is more common in middle and low income countries. According to WHO data, the number of overweight children under the age of 5 exceeded 41 million in 2016.
It is known that children who were overweight are obese in adulthood and these people develop diabetes and cardiovascular events at a young age. In addition, it has been observed that the risk of developing musculoskeletal diseases such as osteoarthritis and breast, endometrium and colon cancer in adulthood is high.
How is Obesity Treatment Done?
Before the obesity treatment is applied, the health status of the patients should be fully controlled. After the patients survive a detailed examination period, the treatment is decided by the doctors. While some patients get rid of this problem with diet and sports, some patients may require surgical treatment. The patient’s waist circumference measurement and body mass index factors also affect the method to be applied.