Migraine is not an ordinary headache but a treatable neurological disease. It is among the most common reasons for visiting a doctor. The incidence of migraine hormones in young women is three times that of men. Approximately 20% of women and 8% of men suffer from migraines. Migraine headache is throbbing or sharp, especially in the temple area.
What is Migraine?
If your headache occurs in attacks, this pain is migraine pain. People can sometimes see migraine attacks 1-2 times a year and sometimes several times a month in others. Most of the migraine pains are very severe. The most important feature that distinguishes migraine pain from other pains other than a severe headache is nausea, sensitivity to sound, and light, which occur with pain. Those with migraine pain have difficulties in completing their daily work due to these ailments accompanying headaches. Nevertheless, a long process and specialist doctor control are very important for a complete diagnosis of migraine.
What Causes Migraine?
Although the underlying causes of migraine have been enlightened, the causes are still not fully understood. Biochemical and physiological risk factors of migraine, which have genetic, central, vascular, and neuronal causes, also predispose to migraine. Trigger factors, on the other hand, facilitate the emergence of migraines. While the migraine with aura is genetic transition of migraine;Migraine without aura is a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
Migraine is a type of headache that occurs as a result of changes in the nerves and blood vessels in the brain. Individuals with migraine have a sensitive nervous system. Some factors can trigger attacks in the external environment. When the attack is triggered, the place in the brain called the migraine generator is activated. This condition leads to widening of blood vessels in the brain and inflammation of the nerves. These then cause the trigeminal nerve in the brain. It will cause pain and other symptoms during the attack, and migraine occurs.
What are the Factors That Trigger Mi̇graine?
Old cheese, cookies, chocolate, yogurt, onion, fig, liver, caffeinated foods. Monosodium glutamate (MSG), smoked or pickled fish / meat, foods with nitrate / nitrite added as preservative (hot dog, sausage, salami) etc.
Coffee, tea, caffeinated beverages, diet soda, alcoholic beverages (especially red wine, beer, whiskey) etc.
Substances used outside of routine
Sensory and Emotional Stimuli
Types of Migraine
The two most common types of migraines are migraines with and without aura. Migraine with aura, various visual impairments before pain, seeing light in the eye is experienced. Menstrual migraine usually comes during menstrual periods. During vestibular migraine attacks, dizziness, imbalance, nausea, and vomiting are evident.