When combined with effective testing methods and preventive measures, the COVID-19 vaccine will be a critical tool in containing the epidemic. Around the world, experts are working hard to accelerate the development and production of a safe and effective vaccine.
Vaccines developed against the new type of coronavirus are of vital importance to stop the pandemic. It has caused 1.76 million deaths in the world. Pfizer / BioNtech, Moderna, SinoVac, and Sputnik V vaccines are declared to be 90-95 percent effective. People have vaccinated so far in the US, China, Germany, England, Canada, Israel, Bahrain, and Russia. Scientists have announced that at least 60-70 percent of the population should be vaccinated in order to ensure herd immunity in society.
When will the COVID-19 vaccine be ready?
It takes time to develop a safe and effective vaccine. There are currently more than 200 vaccine candidates in development. A significant number of them have reached the clinical trial stage. Some of these vaccine candidates are in Phase 3 – clinical trials, which is the final stage before vaccine approval. Considering that global stakeholders continue to work to shorten this period, we expect clinical trials of some vaccines to be completed and licensed in early 2021.
It should not be forgotten that the development, approval, large scale production, and introduction of a vaccine are time-consuming processes. Once a vaccine has received the necessary approval, it is extremely important that it reaches those who need it most in a timely and fair manner.
Why will the vaccination be made only in vaccination centers or by mobile teams?
The planning was made with the aim of giving the necessary priority to those who need this vaccine the most. It is important that BioNTech vaccines are preserved at minus 70 degrees and applied without losing their effect. Therefore, it is envisaged that the vaccine will be made in vaccination centers by mobile teams. At least at this stage, there is no distribution of vaccines to family doctors.
Should Those Who Have Had Coronavirus Also Get Vaccinated?
Those who have survived Covid-19 can and should get vaccinated. Because there is no guarantee that people who have been infected once will get sick with this virus for the second time, at least there is not enough research on this subject yet.
Can Children be Vaccinated?
To date, only adolescents and adults over the age of 16 have allowed vaccines approved.
What should pregnant women pay attention to?
Experts do not think that mRNA vaccines pose a risk to pregnant women and their unborn children. However, animal tests are still ongoing.
Are there any harmful components in the vaccine?
In addition to substances that will trigger the production of antibodies to the disease, vaccines contain many components to keep the vaccine safe and effective. No harmful components are found. Each vaccine component is there for a specific purpose to make it effective, and each is tested multiple times during the development process. The amount of ingredients in vaccines is also determined by safety tests; make sure that the ingredients do not cause adverse effects on humans. Covid-19 vaccines, which have gone through many stages, do not contain any components that will harm humans, according to current studies.