Architectural Styles: Russian architecture, Aztec architecture, Scandinavian architecture, Arcade architecture –2021
Architecture is the product and the discipline of constructing and designing buildings or other permanent structures. Architectural works, in the common material form such as buildings, are regarded as artistic works and as visual symbols. A well-planned architectural design is capable of imparting a unique character to an area. The architecture of a city can give an indication of its social, economic, political, and international status. Thus, in addition to residential buildings, the architecture of a country’s airport, railway station, metro rail terminus, etc.
Russian architecture is influenced by many different cultures, making it a mosaic of many influences. Russian architecture is influenced by western styles such as the Baroque and Victorian styles, as well as the more ancient Eastern European styles like the Old Minster. Russian architecture also follows a long tradition whose origins probably lie in the early Russian wooden architecture and on the architecture of Kievan Rus’ in Ukraine with its many cathedrals in Veliky Novgorod and Kyiv.”
From the Russian era, the Byzantine architectural style influenced the architecture and metallurgy of Russia as a whole. There were also changes to the material used such as the introduction of steel to build the walls of churches. The main architectural change came about during the period of the USSR when the communist government changed the face of their country from a severely backward and agrarian country into a technologically advanced, highly developed, and urbanized country. Although there were major changes to the architecture, some of the classic elements of Russian architecture such as the monolithic construction remained which have been adapted throughout time. Monoliths are still a common structure in Russia and although they may not be as striking as they once were, they are still an integral part of Russian culture.
Aztec architecture is an extremely late style of Mesoamerican art developed by this ancient culture. Much of what we know about it today comes from the great monuments which are still standing today. These majestic structures have long survived for many centuries thanks to the skills of their architects and the incredible amount of effort they put into their construction. The best known Aztec structure is the Great Pyramid of Mexico, although there are several others that have also been built. Some of these include the Teotihuacan pyramid, the Aztec temple complex of Chichen Itza, the Aztec pyramidion, and the Aztec sun temple.
Aztec architecture can be classified into three main elements; masonry, pottery, and terra-cotta. All of these are used together to form great Aztec structures such as the Great Pyramid of Mexico or the Aztec sun temple. The important aspect of Aztec architecture is the use of large amounts of monumental statues which are made in great numbers to represent the gods of the Aztec gods and to make their stone tools and other items stronger and more capable.
Aztec architecture makes use of a lot of natural stones such as granite, limestone, quartzite, and red sandstone. Granite is most commonly used, probably because it is extremely durable and because it is one of the hardest stones in the world. Aztec architects also used ceramic tile and wood as tiles for the interior of their buildings. Aztec pottery is made out of clay and is very artistic and decorative.
The architectural designs of the Scandinavian people can be seen throughout their history. The same principles that helped to form modern architecture, have been applied to their homes, and in fact, it was these same principles that led to the development of modern Scandinavian architecture. Scandinavian architecture focuses more on the relationship between the outdoors and the inside, which is why many of the homes constructed now are outdoors. This outdoor feeling has helped to create a sense of openness and freedom in the homes of Scandinavian people. The use of open space and outdoor lighting has also helped to give the exterior of the home the look and feel of a cottage in the countryside, while the integration of internal lighting with the outside lighting design has led to a beautiful open living space.